🎰 Ticino | canton, Switzerland | Britannica

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Relax or fun? Excursions in nature or nightlife in the city? Discover all the opportunities offered by Ticino, the Mediterranean soul of Switzerland. Official guide to.


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The canton of Ticino Switzerland is the southern most canton, bordering Italy. It is Italian-speaking and has a very Mediterranean vibe, with.


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Use this map and travel guide to the Swiss Canton of Ticino to plan how to get there and how to get around, where to go, and what to do.


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Set on the most southern side of Switzerland and nestled up against Italy, temperate Ticino is the Italian-speaking region of the country. Here you'.


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Explore Ticino holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. | The summer air is rich and hot in Ticino. Vespas scoot along palm-fringed promenades.


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The canton of Ticino Switzerland is the southern most canton, bordering Italy. It is Italian-speaking and has a very Mediterranean vibe, with.


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Explore Ticino holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. | The summer air is rich and hot in Ticino. Vespas scoot along palm-fringed promenades.


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The canton of Ticino Switzerland is the southern most canton, bordering Italy. It is Italian-speaking and has a very Mediterranean vibe, with.


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The canton of Ticino Switzerland is the southern most canton, bordering Italy. It is Italian-speaking and has a very Mediterranean vibe, with.


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ticino switzerland

Gazzosa ticinese , a soft drink available in lemon and a number of other flavours, is one of the most popular beverages from Ticino, and is also common in other regions of Switzerland. There are several tunnels underneath the Gotthard Pass connecting the canton to northern Switzerland: the first to be opened was the 15 kilometres 9. These districts were governed by bailiffs holding office for two years and purchasing it from the members of the League. The current Constitution of the Republic and canton of Ticino, originating from a draft approved on 18 August during the Helvetic Republic, [12] was approved on 14 December The Grand Council Gran Consiglio is the legislative authority of the canton, exercising sovereignty over any matter not explicitly delegated by the constitution to another authority. In the fifteenth century the Swiss Confederates conquered the valleys south of the Alps in three separate conquests. Most of the land is considered within the Alps Lepontine Alps , but a small area is part of the plain of the River Po which drains the north of Italy. The University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland SUPSI, Scuola Universitaria Professionale della Svizzera Italiana , in Manno , is a professional training college focused on a practical method of teaching in the areas of applied art, economy, social work, technology and production science. In September , Ticino voters approved a Swiss People's Party -sponsored referendum that gives precedence to Swiss workers, as opposed to foreign workers, defying freedom of movement agreements between Switzerland and the EU. There is also a small American and Swiss accredited private college, Franklin University Switzerland , located above Lugano , [57] as well as The American School in Switzerland in Collina d'Oro , a K international school accepting day and boarding students. The members of the council and the municipio are elected every four years by the citizens resident in the comune — the next elections are scheduled for April Since the late s there is an ongoing project to aggregate some municipalities , with the constitution of the canton allowing for the Grand Council of Ticino to promote and lead in deciding on mergers. Each year, the Council of State nominates its president. There is also a smaller area that drains directly into the Lake Lugano. The condominiums of Locarno, Lugano, Mendrisio and Vallemaggia became part of the new canton of Lugano in These two cantons formed into one canton — Ticino — in when it joined the restored Swiss Confederation as a member canton. The canton has a higher than average incidence of traffic accidents, recording 16 deaths or serious injuries per million km in the — period, compared to a Swiss average of 6. In , however, Bellinzona became the only and permanent capital. December [2].{/INSERTKEYS}{/PARAGRAPH} Johann Kaspar Zeuss attributed Celtic origins to the name, tracing it to the Celtic tek , itself from an Indo-European root tak , meaning "melting, flowing". Dialects of the Lombard language such as Ticinese are still spoken, especially in the valleys, but they are not used for official purposes. The Gran Consiglio meets in Bellinzona, the cantonal capital. Later, probably around the rule of Augustus , it became part of the Roman Empire. The Valle Verzasca is between the Ticino and the Maggia. There are two major centres of education and research located in the canton of Ticino. For other uses, see Ticino disambiguation. The canton is divided into eight districts : [23]. In , Ticino was the European region with the second highest life expectancy at Tertiary sector workers make up Commerce Lugano is Switzerland's third largest financial center after Zurich and Geneva. In , 1,, overnight stays were recorded. Despite being very similar to standard Italian , Swiss Italian presents some differences to the Italian spoken in Italy due to the presence of French and German from which it assimilates words. The Val Leventina revolted unsuccessfully against Uri in Between and , during the Helvetic Republic , two cantons were created Bellinzona and Lugano but in the two were unified to form the canton of Ticino that joined the Swiss Confederation as a full member in the same year under the Act of Mediation. The lands of the canton of Ticino are the last lands to be conquered by the Swiss Confederation. It is elected in a single constituency using the proportional representation system. The five-member Council of State Italian : Consiglio di Stato , not to be confused with the federal Council of States , is the executive authority of the canton, and it directs cantonal affairs according to law and the constitution. The lands of most of the canton are shaped by the river, which in its mid portion forms a wide valley, commonly known as the Riviera. The Confederation gave up any further conquests after their defeat at the battle of Marignano in by Francis I of France. Uri conquered the Leventina Valley in The third conquest was fought by troops from the entire Confederation at that time constituted by 12 cantons. The creation of the Swiss Confederation in saw these two cantons combine to form the modern canton of Ticino. Lugano Airport is the busiest airport in south east Switzerland, serving some , passengers a year. Around it was the centre of struggle between the free communes of Milan and Como : in the 14th century it was acquired by the Visconti , Dukes of Milan. The Ticino river is the largest river in the canton. The southern part, the Sottoceneri , is the region around Lake Lugano. Three of the world's largest gold refineries are based in Ticino, [44] including the Pamp refinery in Castel San Pietro , the leading manufacturer of minted gold bars. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Canton in Switzerland. For the river, see Ticino river. Lying entirely in the south of the Alps , the canton can be split into two at the Monte Ceneri pass. The western lands of the canton, however, are drained by the Maggia River. Canton of Switzerland. The defined region encompasses all of the canton plus the neighbouring Italian-speaking district of Moesa Misox and Calanca valleys in the canton of the Grisons. The former condominiums and Leventina became the eight districts of the canton of Ticino, which exist to the present day and are provided for by the cantonal constitution. {PARAGRAPH}{INSERTKEYS}The land now occupied by the canton was annexed from Italian cities in the 15th century by various Swiss forces in the last transalpine campaigns of the Old Swiss Confederacy. Polenta , along with chestnuts and potatoes, was for centuries one of the staple foods in Ticino, and it remains a mainstay of local cuisine. The northern, highest part, the Sopraceneri , is formed by the two major Swiss valleys around Lake Maggiore : Ticino valley and Maggia valley. Bocce is a folk game that was once a popular pastime locally, but by the early 21st century it was seldom played by younger people. The — period saw a surge of political turbulence in Ticino, and the authorities needed the assistance of the federal government to restore order in several instances, in , , and — The current cantonal constitution dates from The previous constitution, heavily modified, was codified in , nearly 20 years before the constitution of the Swiss Confederation. The opening of the Gotthard Railway in led to the establishment of a sizeable tourist industry mostly catering to German-speakers, [46] although since the early s the industry has suffered from the competition of more distant destinations. Gotthard to the town of Biasca Leventina Valley was part of Uri. The name Ticino was chosen for the newly established canton in , after the Ticino river which flows through it from the Novena Pass to Lake Maggiore. The climate of Ticino, while remaining alpine , is noticeably milder than the rest of Switzerland's, enjoying a higher number of sunshine hours and generally warmer temperatures. Ticino has a population as of 31 December of , The largest groups of foreign population were Italians As of , The official language, and the one used for most written communication, is Swiss Italian. Because the international fashion business has become a significant employer for Swiss and Italians alike, the region has also been termed the "Fashion Valley". In ancient times, the area of what is today Ticino was settled by the Lepontii , a Celtic tribe. Between and some of these lands were already annexed by forces from the canton of Uri , but subsequently lost. The canton minted its own currency , the Ticinese franco , between and , when it began use of the Swiss franc. In the Helvetic Republic , established , it was divided between the two new cantons of Bellinzona and Lugano. There are municipalities in the canton as of April [update]. In the early 19th century, the contemporary Franco-Danish scholar Conrad Malte-Brun stated that: "The canton of Tesino [Ticino] is the poorest, and the people the most ignorant of any in Switzerland. They serve local wine usually Merlot or similar in a little ceramic jug known as boccalino , which is also a popular souvenir for tourists. Location in Switzerland Map of Ticino. Foreigners in general hold Italy is by far Ticino's most important foreign trading partner, but there's a huge trade deficit between imports 5 billion CHF and exports 1. The mayor sindaco is the president of the municipal government municipio which comprises at least three members; a council also exists. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Lugano is co-extensive to the canton. Despite the dominance of Italian-speakers, fluency in Standard German and Alemannic German is taken to be an important prerequisite for employment, regardless of sector or sphere of work. Coat of arms. The most recent elections were held in April ; the next elections will be on 7 April Since a referendum in September , Ticino is the only Swiss canton where wearing full-face veils is illegal. Ticino is one of the wine regions for Swiss wine. These municipalities comuni are grouped in 38 circoli circles or sub-districts which are in turn grouped into the eight districts distretti. In the modern day, the circle serves only as a territorial unit with limited public functions, most notably the local judiciary. It drains most of the canton, flowing from the northwest through the Bedretto valley and the Leventina valley to enter Lake Maggiore near Locarno. The canton of Ticino is in the south of Switzerland, almost entirely surrounded by Italy to its west, south and much of its east. Grottos were ubiquitous cellars in Ticino, and symbolize rustic, family-run restaurants in the latter part of the 20th century. The Regional Bus and Rail Company of Ticino provides the urban and suburban bus network of Locarno, operates the cable cars between Verdasio and Rasa, and between Intragna — Pila — Costa on behalf of the owning companies, and, together with an Italian company, the Centovalli and Vigezzina Railway which connects the Gotthard trans-Alpine rail route at Locarno with the Simplon trans-Alpine route. Subsequently, the upper valley of the river Ticino , from the St. The most populous municipality — Lugano having merged with numerous other municipalities — is subdivided into quartieri quarters [ citation needed ] which are grouped into three cantonal circles. It usually comes in flip-top bottles. Leventina was a subject of the canton of Uri until , the year the Helvetic Republic was founded, when it became part of the new canton of Bellinzona along with the Swiss condominiums of Bellinzona, Riviera and Blenio.